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A tapir is a large browsing mammal, similar in shape to a pig, with a short, prehensile snout.Size varies between types,but most tapirs are about 2 metres (7 ft) long, stand about a metre (3 ft) high at the shoulder, and weigh between 150 and 300 kg (330 to 700 lb).Coats are short and range in color from reddish-brown to grey to nearly black, with the notable exceptions of the Malayan Tapir, which has a white saddle-shaped marking on its back,and the Mountain Tapir, which has longer, woolly fur. They all have oval, white-tipped ears, rounded, protruding rumps with stubby tails, and splayed, hoofed toes,with four toes on the front feet and three on the hind feet, which help them walk on muddy and soft ground,baby tapirs of all types have striped-and-spotted coats for camouflage.
Tapirs have brown eyes, often with a bluish cast to them which has been identified as corneal cloudiness, a condition most commonly found in Malayan Tapirs.The exact etiology is unknown, but the cloudiness may be caused by excessive exposure to light or by trauma. However, the tapir's sensitive ears and strong sense of smell help to compensate for deficiencies in vision.They have brachyodont, or low-crowned, teeth that lack cement. Their dental formula is totalling 42 to 44 teeth; this dentition is closer to that of equids,who may differ by one less canine, than their other perissodactyl relatives, rhinoceroses.Tapirs have simple stomachs, and, like horses, ferment food in a large cecum.
Young tapirs reach sexual maturity between three and five years of age, with females maturing earlier than males.Under good conditions, a healthy female tapir can reproduce every two years; a single youngster is born after a gestation of about 13 months.The natural lifespan of a tapir is approximately 25 to 30 years, both in the wild and in zoos.Apart from mothers and their young offspring, tapirs lead almost exclusively solitary lives.for different pics...